today I have chosen a plain black cup of coffee, ” says Ulla Try.
NRK meet her at a café in central Kristiansand.
It quickly becomes three-four cups of coffee a day,
you Could clear you without the coffee?
No, she says cash.
Ulla’s probably not alone about it. For norwegians is all the way in the world when it comes to kaffekonsum, according to the Norwegian Kaffeinformasjon.
at the same time, coffee prices in the year have been historically low.
In may, the price of a button pound of coffee, the lowest in over a decade. The price of coffee was at 7 dollars and 50 cents. In July, the increased the price slightly, to around 9 million.
Now at the end of October, however, the price dropped again, to 7 dollars and 60 cents.
the price of coffee is measured in pounds that corresponds to 453 grams.
– Escape from the industry
The low price of coffee goes hard beyond småskalaprodusenter. Today sell 60 per cent of the coffee producers the coffee for less than what they produce it, according to Fairtrade.
– It does not cover production costs, and it makes it a very heavy burden for småskalaprodusenter, that in practice subsidizes the coffee.
It says Cathrine Berg-Nielsen who is a partner and råvareansvarlig in Fairtrade Norway.
Low prices also means that småprodusenter have less opportunity to protect the crops upon growing klimatrusler, according to Berg-Nielsen.
– They are in a situation where you have uncertain weather conditions, in addition to a priskrise. So there are many that alternate agriculture to other inntektsavlinger, and then we can see about some years that coffee as a commodity begins to be button.
According to the BBC, farmers from Honduras and Guatemala, which are affected by the kaffekrisen, a part of migrantbølgen that moves against the united STATES.
– It is an escape from the industry, there is no one who will drive with a crop of not providing income. So it is a little food for thought for both kaffedrikkende norwegians and the industry.
A kaffebonde get about 7-10 per cent of the sale price in store. Low and fluctuating commodity prices make it difficult for the farmer to put long-term plans and invest in coffee production, according to the Fairtrade Norway.
Photo: Mads Nielsen / NRK – the Quality can be worse
One of the reasons for kaffekrisen due to overproduction of coffee in the brazilian market, which is the world leader in coffee production.
One can imagine that the consequences for each is that overproduction from Brazil, declines. When will the price become more expensive, and the quality can be poorer, ” says Berg-Nielsen, and adds:
– If the farmer does not have the means to invest back in agriculture, because of the low price, we can also end up with to degrade the quality of the coffee is grown.
Trades directly from the coffee growers
On Mjåvann in Songdalen burner Steinar Svenning in Cemo Gourmet each year, 140 tonnes of coffee. He buys direct from the småprodusenter in Africa and South America. Svenning fear local impact of kaffekrisen.
– It is a tragedy for the farmer, while many consumers are happy to get cheap coffee here. A huge paradox, ” says Svenning.
For Svenning, it is important to trade coffee directly from the farmers.
– We must be confident that the farmer gets paid for the work they put in, and there is an incredible amount of work.
Steinar Svenning, has long experience with kaffebrenning, and travel around the world to trade coffee beans directly from the farms.
Photo: Mads Nielsen / NRK New report: the World’s coffee threatened by extinction